KIESLER, FREDERICK JOHN (1896–1965), U.S. architect and scenic designer. Born in Vienna, Kiesler worked first as an architect, but by the mid-1920s had gained a European reputation as an avant-garde stage designer, promoting such innovations as theater in the round. He settled in New York in 1926 and from 1933 to 1957 was scenic director for the Juilliard School of Music. His revolutionary method of hanging pictures in the Museum of Modern Art (1942) gave rise to the term "environmental sculpture." Kiesler was joint designer of the "Shrine of the Book" at the Israel Museum, Jerusalem, to house the Dead Sea Scrolls.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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